Almost Event-Rate Independent Monitoring of Metric Temporal Logic

David Basin, Bhargav Bhatt, Dmitriy Traytel


A monitoring algorithm is trace-length independent if its space consumption does not depend on the number of events processed. The analysis of many monitoring algorithms has aimed at establishing trace-length independence. But a trace-length independent monitor's space consumption can depend on characteristics of the trace other than its size.

We put forward the stronger notion of event-rate independence, where the monitor's space usage does not depend on the event rate. This property is critical for monitoring voluminous streams of events arriving at a varying rate. Some previously proposed algorithms for past-only temporal logics satisfy this new property. However, when dealing with future operators, the traditional approach of using a queue to wait for future obligations to be resolved is not event-rate independent. We propose a new algorithm that supports metric past and bounded future operators and is almost event-rate independent, where "almost" denotes a logarithmic dependence on the event rate: the algorithm must store the event rate as a number. We compare our algorithm with traditional ones, providing evidence that almost event-rate independence matters in practice.

The final publication is available at

Paper draft